Andhra Pradesh State is “the bejewelled rice bowl of India”. Agriculture plays an important role in the livelihoods of people as 63% of the population in Andhra Pradesh live in rural areas and depend on agriculture and related livelihood opportunities. The agriculture plays an important role not only in the economy but also for achieving the food security for the state and also for the country. Our main challenges are, growing water scarcity, degrading natural resources like land and decreasing per capita availability of land and water resources. Further, rainfed agriculture in the whole state and irrigated agriculture in the coastal region is very much vulnerable to the impacts of natural calamities. The State of Andhra Pradesh with 13 districts has great potential for agriculture and allied sectors. Andhra Pradesh State consists of six agro climatic zones and five different soil types to grow wide range of crops throughout the year. The Government accords the highest priority to the agriculture sector and the welfare of farmers. The constraints and problems which have been troubling the farmers over the years will be addressed through a systematic approach. Every effort will be to make agriculture in the state productive, profitable, and sustainable and climate resilient through building the partnerships with research organizations. In order to transform agriculture and allied sectors the Government has constituted seven missions in important sectors of economy, growth and infrastructure.
In this direction, Government of Andhra Pradesh has designed a strategy to transform the agriculture and allied sectors in Partnership with International Crops Research Institute (ICRISAT) to enable Andhra Pradesh amongst the best three performing states in India by 2022 after 75 years of independence.
The Primary Sector mission is the main mission and the following are the objectives:
(a) increasing productivity of the primary sector;
(b) mitigating the impact of droughts through water Conservation and micro irrigation;
(c) post harvest management to reduce the wastage; and
(d) establishment of processing, value addition capacity and supply chain of the identified crops.